Summer school begins this week. The first session of my class The Teaching of Mathematics begins tomorrow. In addition to reviewing the syllabus and work of the semester, we spend a portion of our time thinking about math and why it is so important in our daily lives.
I begin by showing the animated short of Sandburg's Arithmetic. I then ask students to take five minutes to brainstorm and list all the ways they have used math in the last 24 hours. We discuss their lists as they share and then I read Math Curse by Jon Scieszka. It begins:
On Monday in math class, Mrs. Fibonacci says,Through the eyes of a child we see that getting dressed, eating breakfast, catching the school bus, eating in the cafeteria, English, P.E., geography and just about everything else is related to math. How are these "problems" solved? With math, of course!
"You know, you can think of almost everything as a math problem."
On Tuesday I start having problems.
At this point the students are given a math attitude and anxiety assessment. Using a Likert scale they respond to a variety of statements like these.
- Mathematics is very interesting to me, and I enjoy math courses.
- My mind goes blank, and I am unable to think clearly when working math.
- I am interested and willing to acquire further knowledge of mathematics.
- Math has contributed greatly to science and other fields of knowledge.
- Artists and writers as well as scientists need an understanding of math.
- I feel a sense of insecurity when attempting mathematics.
- Mathematics is dull and boring because it leaves no room for personal opinion.
- Math helps develop a person’s mind and teaches thinking skills.
- There is nothing creative about mathematics; it’s all about memorizing formulas and algorithms.
from Take a NumberThis year I'll ask students to read and discuss the poem in small groups. After a brief class discussion I will follow with a reading of Missing Math: A Number Mystery by Loreen Leedy. In this new book (2008), Leedy shows readers what happens when the numbers all over town suddenly vanish. Beyond the obvious delight some children will have when they recognize that math can't be done (for shame!), they will soon recognize the dire situation we face without numbers, when we can no longer play sports (no scores), watch television (no channels), elect officials (no votes), send mail (no addresses), nor do lots of other things. This book is an imaginative romp through a world devoid of numbers that makes readers really take stock of the value of numbers and math in their lives. You can view the trailer for an inside look at the book.
by Mary O'Neill
Imagine a world
No rulers or scales,
No inches or feet,
No dates or numbers
On house or street,
No prices or weights,
No determining heights,
No hours running through
Days and nights.
(Note: This was originally published in 1968 as the book Take a Number which introduced the basic concepts of mathematics in poetic form.)
All this takes about 45 minutes. It opens up a healthy discussion about the value and importance of math, while modeling for students the importance of integrating reading (poetry and children' literature) and other literacy skills (speaking and writing) into the mathematics curriculum. It also gets students thinking about real world connections and the ways in which they will need to begin thinking about how math is used. I want every teacher who leaves this class to be able to respond to the question "When will we ever use this stuff?" in meaningful ways, and I want them to have more than one answer!
Here are some resources I ask my preservice teachers to explore as they think about this question.
- It's a Math World is a WebQuest in which students are asked to create a book that answers this question.
- What Good is Math? is a site for students that attempts to answer this oft-asked question.
- Mathletics looks specifically at the mathematics of sports. (Mathletics=Math +athletics--get it?)
- Math in Daily Life examines how we use math to get things done, from cooking to decorating to playing games.
- Get Real: Math in Everyday Life provides some examples of real world connections to math and suggests links to explore these ideas.
- When a sixth grade class talked about math in everyday life, their teacher put their ideas together in Math is Everywhere!
- MathPulse.com has a series of articles about how we use math every day.